FOOD ALLERGY- Causes and Prevention

Food Allergens!!!!     

 

            foodallergypyramid                                                        

The work of body’s immune system is to identify and destroy germs (such as bacteria or viruses) that make us sick. Food allergy results when the immune system mistakenly targets a harmless food protein as a threat and causes allergic reactions. Therefore food allergens are typically naturally-occurring proteins in foods or derivatives of them that cause abnormal immune responses.

Symptoms of an allergic reaction!!!!   

When a person comes in contact with an allergen, the symptoms of a reaction may progress from mild to severe depending on the quantity of food consumed. The most severe form of an allergic reaction is called anaphylaxis. A person experiencing an allergic reaction may have any of the following symptoms:

  • Flushed face, rash, red and itchy skin
  • Swelling of the eyes, face, lips, throat and tongue, , rapid heartbeat, loss of consciousness
  • Trouble in breathing, speaking or swallowing, cramps, diarrhoea, vomiting
  • Anxiety, distress, faintness, paleness, sense of doom, weakness, drop in blood pressure

Note: Symptoms of allergies and the amount of food needed to trigger a reaction vary from person to person.

Are you allergic to eggs???  

People with mild egg allergy can safely eat small amounts of cooked eggs, but have reactions to raw eggs. Although cooking can alter the structure of egg protein, some of the allergenic proteins are heat stable, so cooked eggs can still trigger reactions.

Prevention: Individual with egg allergy must avoid all food and products that contain egg or egg derivatives which contain egg protein. If you have an egg allergy and see the following in the list of ingredients on a product you should not eat it.

Other names for eggs: Albumin, Ovalbumin, Egg substitutes, Globulin, Livetin and Lysozyme.

Foods & Products containing eggs: Bakery products, desserts like pastries, cakes mayonnaise etc.

Are you allergic to milk??? 

Milk allergy occurs when a person’s immune system reacts abnormally to milk proteins; People who have this allergy must try alternative sources for milk like soy milk, try goat’s milk, buffalo’s milk.

Prevention: Avoid food and products that do not have an ingredient list and read labels every time you shop. If you have a milk allergy and see the following in the list of ingredients on a product you should not eat it.

Other names for milk: Casein, rennet casein, Delactosed or demineralized whey, hydrolysed casein, Lactalbumin, Lactoferrin, lacto globulin, Whey and whey protein concentrate

Milk products: Buttermilk, curds, pudding, paneer, cheese, ice cream, ghee, butter, and fermented milk drinks (lassi) and other dairy products.

Are you allergic to peanuts???

The most common cause of peanut allergy is eating peanuts or peanut-containing foods. Sometimes direct skin contact with peanuts, cross contact of food being exposed to peanuts during processing or handling, inhalation of dust or aerosols containing peanuts, such as peanut flour or peanut oil cooking spray also trigger allergic reaction.

Prevention: Always read labels on manufactured foods to make sure they don’t contain peanuts or peanut products. If you have a peanut allergy and see the following in the list of ingredients on a product you should not eat it.

Foods & products containing peanuts: Mixed nuts, cookies, pastries, energy bars, grain breads, chutneys, ice cream, chocolates, groundnut oil, etc.

Are you allergic to Sea foods??? 

Sea food allergy is caused by hypersensitivity to dietary substances from shellfishfish, or crustaceans. People with allergies to one type of seafood, like fish, crustaceans (lobster, crab) and shellfish (oysters, molluscs), may not be allergic to other kinds of seafood. Studies suggest that seafood allergies tend to fall within groups. In fact, many people are only allergic to a single type of seafood. Example some can eat fish safely but react to crustaceans such as crab and lobster.

Prevention: Be cautious when dining out at sea food restaurants, read food labels carefully.

FoodAllergies

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