Plant foods contain thousands of natural chemicals called phytonutrients or phytochemicals. These are certain organic components of plants thought to promote human health. Fruits, vegetables, grains, legumes, nuts and teas are rich sources of phytonutrients.
Phytoestrogens behave in the body like the hormone estrogen. Estrogen is a hormone necessary for childbearing and is involved with bone and heart health in women. Body converts lignans a type of phytonutrient, into chemicals with some estrogen-like effects. Isoflavones are also a type of phytoestrogen that lowers the risk of endometrial cancer and bone loss in women thus helping in osteoporosis.
Abundant in: Flax seeds, Sesame seeds