TIP for Storing Vegetables

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Do not wash vegetables before storing in the refrigerator. The moisture on the surface of the vegetable makes them decay faster. So, wash the vegetable before using it.

Balanced Diet- An Assignment..:)

Balanced Diet- An Assignment..:)

Need For Balanced Diet. Hey Guys work on this assignment and you will know what u need for the balanced diet and how much. Plan your diet accordingly. Please ask for calorie count as well.

Women’s healthcare and Nutrition

 Women’s healthcare and Nutrition

Every year, 8 March is celebrated around the world as International Women’s Day. A woman is the essence of life and an all-enveloping character is played by a woman as she plays the character of a daughter, sister, wife and mother all at a time within a span of few years. Nutrient-rich food provides energy for women’s busy lives and nutrition plays different roles during different stages of a woman’s life. During childhood, foods fuel growth. Through childbearing years, diet plays a role in fertility, a healthy pregnancy and prevention of chronic disease. In older years, what women eat can help keep minds sharp and bodies strong.

Women’s healthcare and its ignorance!!!     

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 Women play vital and multiple roles, especially those who are employed, as a balance needs to be maintained by them both at home and workplace, thus ignorance of healthcare can have multiple implications on her surrounding environment such as her family, workplace and social network. Also hectic schedule of balancing workplace and home, along with balancing between social and personal requirements, lead to women ignoring their health and routine checkups resulting in diseases like high or low blood pressure, diabetes, heart diseases, asthma, urinary infection, arthritis obesity, anemia and depression.

Balanced Diet and eating patterns!!!        

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A women’s body has to handle multiple changes, such as pregnancy, and breast-feeding, and a healthy diet can go a long way in keeping them hale and hearty through all these changes. A balanced diet menu for women includes all the essential vitamins, minerals and other nutrients in recommended quantities. Women should also take care of their eating patterns, as a healthy meal should also be eaten at the right time to absorb maximum benefits from it. It needs to be taken care of that meals should not be skipped due to a busy routine. This may also lead to binge eating and consumption of saturated fats, which are very unhealthy. A healthy and balanced diet for women should ideally be divided into five meals in a day i.e. breakfast, lunch, dinner and two snacks in-between.

Healthy Diet Tips for Women!!!           

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High Fiber Intake-It facilitates slow absorption of glucose, which keeps the sugar levels normal in the blood stream. Fiber makes you feel full early hence helps in maintaining weight.

Essential Vitamins– Fresh fruits and vegetables are a rich source of vitamins and should be included in the daily diet by women.

Sufficient IronA balanced diet for women is incomplete, unless it is packed with a sufficient amount of iron. Low iron intake can lead to anemia and other iron related disorders. 

Calcium for Bones-Women should take ample care to include calcium in their daily diet as they are at a high risk of developing osteoporosis. Foods like curd or dahi, skimmed milk, paneer and nuts are rich sources of calcium and should be made a part of your daily diet.

Regular Medical check – ups!!!            

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With today’s busy lifestyles, finding time to visit the doctor can often be difficult but it is important not to forget about our health. Regular health check-ups are important for women. Even in the absence of symptoms, many physicians recommend routine, yearly doctor visits and physicals for females of all ages. A full check-up for women includes a comprehensive work-up for general health, including heart diseases, cholesterol, diabetes, major organ functions, osteoporosis and common cancers like liver and colon cancer. Specifically designed for women, the plan also screens for breast, ovarian and cervical cancers as well as pelvic disorders.                                                     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Women

Fluidised Bed Freezer

A modification of the regular air –blast freezer IQF is the fluidized bed freezer IQF freezing system. In these systems, the high speed air is directed vertically upward through the mesh conveyer carrying product through the system. This type of freezing process results in rapid freezing of product shapes and sizes that can be fluidized.

Detailed Description

       Preservation of a food by freezing at temperatures below 0°C results in a significant reduction in growth rate for micro organisms and in the corresponding deterioration of the product due to microbial activity. In addition, the formation of ice crystals within the product changes the availability of water to participate in oxidative and enzymatic reactions.

Although freezing results in a high quality product for consumption, the quality is influenced by the freezing process and the frozen storage conditions. Optimum freezing process depends on the product characteristics.

The freezing process can be achieved by either indirect or direct contact systems. Most often it will depend on the product characteristics,

Fluidized bed freezer system operate with direct contact between refrigerant and the product and  are used to freeze particulate foods such as peas, cut corn, diced carrots, and strawberries.

The term fluidized refers to condition in which solid particles tends to act somewhat like fluid that is a condition where the solid articles are mobile and in semi-suspended condition. To maintain such condition air is passed forcefully upward through the mass.

Types Of Food Intolerance

                                                               food-allergies2

Lactose intolerance                                                     

Lactose intolerance means the body cannot easily digest lactose, a type of natural sugar found in milk and dairy products.It occurs when the small intestine does not make enough of an enzyme called lactase which break down, or digest, lactose.  It can cause uncomfortable symptoms such as gas, belly pain, and bloating

Prevention

By limiting or avoiding milk products. Use milk with reduced lactose, or substitute soy milk and soy cheese for milk and milk products. Curd with live cultures is beneficial. Dietary supplements called lactase products also helps to digest lactose.

Gluten Intolerance and Celiac Disease                        

Gluten is protein that gives elasticity to dough helping it to rise and to keep its shape of wheat, rye and barley products. Gluten intolerance is a spectrum of disorders in which gluten has an adverse effect on the body. Symptoms include bloating, abdominal discomfort or pain, diarrhea, muscular disturbances and bone or joint pain. Celiac Disease is the most severe form of gluten intolerance that damages the lining of the small intestine (the villi) and compromises the absorption of nutrients.

Prevention

Avoid foods containing gluten like breads, chapatti, cakes. Go on gluten free diet.

Egg Intolerance                                                                        

This type of reaction occurs within minutes of eating an egg. Symptoms include, rashes and swelling on the face and around the mouth. People with egg intolerance need to avoid all foods containing egg white or egg yolk, from all sources, including chicken.

Prevention

Many food products, like cakes, bread, mayonnaise and custard, contain egg or egg proteins, so need to be vigilant about checking ingredients labels before buying them.

MSG Intolerance

MSG (Mono sodium glutamate) is commonly found in food products such as soups, processed meats, sauces, gravies, mixes and snack foods.  It acts as flavour enhancer. Adverse reactions include Headache, Flushing, Sweating, Facial pressure or tightness, Numbness, tingling or burning in face, neck and other areas, rapid heartbeats, chest pain, nausea, weakness.

Prevention

The only way to prevent a reaction is to avoid foods containing MSG. It is very popular in Asian (especially Chinese) cuisine. Read food labels before buying any such product containing MSG.

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Food Intolerance and Allergy

Food Intolerance    

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Intolerances are negative reactions to food that do not involve the immune system, such as lactose intolerance or sensitivity. Food intolerance is an exaggerated or abnormal physical reaction to a food or food additive caused by some chemical or enzyme deficiency in the body. Symptoms include abdominal cramping, diarrhoea, bloating and pain in stomach.

Difference between food allergy and food intolerance            

  • The symptoms of a food intolerance usually only occur several hours after eating the food.
  • You need to eat a larger amount of food to trigger intolerance than an allergy.
  • Unlike an allergy, food intolerance is never life-threatening.

Food intolerance can be caused by:

  • Enzyme deficiencies: Lactose, Gluten intolerance
  • Sensitivity to food additives (antioxidants, flavourings, colourings, preservatives, sweeteners, thickeners): Sulfites used to preserve dried fruit, canned goods
  • Digestive diseases: Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Recurring stress or psychological factors
  • Disturbance in normal microbial flora of intestine due to use of oral antibiotics
  • Toxins produced by bacterial and fungal infection

FOOD ALLERGY- Causes and Prevention

Food Allergens!!!!     

 

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The work of body’s immune system is to identify and destroy germs (such as bacteria or viruses) that make us sick. Food allergy results when the immune system mistakenly targets a harmless food protein as a threat and causes allergic reactions. Therefore food allergens are typically naturally-occurring proteins in foods or derivatives of them that cause abnormal immune responses.

Symptoms of an allergic reaction!!!!   

When a person comes in contact with an allergen, the symptoms of a reaction may progress from mild to severe depending on the quantity of food consumed. The most severe form of an allergic reaction is called anaphylaxis. A person experiencing an allergic reaction may have any of the following symptoms:

  • Flushed face, rash, red and itchy skin
  • Swelling of the eyes, face, lips, throat and tongue, , rapid heartbeat, loss of consciousness
  • Trouble in breathing, speaking or swallowing, cramps, diarrhoea, vomiting
  • Anxiety, distress, faintness, paleness, sense of doom, weakness, drop in blood pressure

Note: Symptoms of allergies and the amount of food needed to trigger a reaction vary from person to person.

Are you allergic to eggs???  

People with mild egg allergy can safely eat small amounts of cooked eggs, but have reactions to raw eggs. Although cooking can alter the structure of egg protein, some of the allergenic proteins are heat stable, so cooked eggs can still trigger reactions.

Prevention: Individual with egg allergy must avoid all food and products that contain egg or egg derivatives which contain egg protein. If you have an egg allergy and see the following in the list of ingredients on a product you should not eat it.

Other names for eggs: Albumin, Ovalbumin, Egg substitutes, Globulin, Livetin and Lysozyme.

Foods & Products containing eggs: Bakery products, desserts like pastries, cakes mayonnaise etc.

Are you allergic to milk??? 

Milk allergy occurs when a person’s immune system reacts abnormally to milk proteins; People who have this allergy must try alternative sources for milk like soy milk, try goat’s milk, buffalo’s milk.

Prevention: Avoid food and products that do not have an ingredient list and read labels every time you shop. If you have a milk allergy and see the following in the list of ingredients on a product you should not eat it.

Other names for milk: Casein, rennet casein, Delactosed or demineralized whey, hydrolysed casein, Lactalbumin, Lactoferrin, lacto globulin, Whey and whey protein concentrate

Milk products: Buttermilk, curds, pudding, paneer, cheese, ice cream, ghee, butter, and fermented milk drinks (lassi) and other dairy products.

Are you allergic to peanuts???

The most common cause of peanut allergy is eating peanuts or peanut-containing foods. Sometimes direct skin contact with peanuts, cross contact of food being exposed to peanuts during processing or handling, inhalation of dust or aerosols containing peanuts, such as peanut flour or peanut oil cooking spray also trigger allergic reaction.

Prevention: Always read labels on manufactured foods to make sure they don’t contain peanuts or peanut products. If you have a peanut allergy and see the following in the list of ingredients on a product you should not eat it.

Foods & products containing peanuts: Mixed nuts, cookies, pastries, energy bars, grain breads, chutneys, ice cream, chocolates, groundnut oil, etc.

Are you allergic to Sea foods??? 

Sea food allergy is caused by hypersensitivity to dietary substances from shellfishfish, or crustaceans. People with allergies to one type of seafood, like fish, crustaceans (lobster, crab) and shellfish (oysters, molluscs), may not be allergic to other kinds of seafood. Studies suggest that seafood allergies tend to fall within groups. In fact, many people are only allergic to a single type of seafood. Example some can eat fish safely but react to crustaceans such as crab and lobster.

Prevention: Be cautious when dining out at sea food restaurants, read food labels carefully.

FoodAllergies

Food Processing, Food and health, Food Engineering, Food Chemistry, Food Facts

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